In the United States, food and beverage regulations are subject to both state and federal oversight. National food and beverage safety in the US falls under several federal regulatory bodies, and jurisdiction is dictated by commodity. The relationships between these bodies and their applications can sometimes be nuanced and difficult to navigate. However, guidance is most clear when viewed in the framework of food or beverage type (e.g. alcohol and meat) or action required for the food item (labeling and testing). Depending on the commodity and context, regulations may primarily fall under a single regulatory body or it may fall under several.
There are several important resources for US Food and Beverage regulations, such as:
Food and beverage safety in Canada falls primarily under the Canadian Health Portfolio, which reports to the Minister of Health in Canada. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada reports to the Minister of Agriculture. Food testing, labelling, and import/export requirements primarily fall under these national regulatory bodies.
There are several important resources for Canadian Food and Beverage regulations, such as:
The purpose of the Food Sanitation Act (FSA) for Japan is to prevent the sanitation hazards resulting from eating and drinking by enforcing the regulations and other measures necessary, from the viewpoint of public health, to ensure food safety and thereby to protect citizens' good health. Recently there have been several amendments in the act to have stringent control on food safety.
ISO 22000 is a certifiable standard that addresses food safety management system. It defines the guidelines and best practices an organization must follow to control food safety hazards and ensure safe consumption of food. FSSC 22000 includes and expands upon the ISO 22000 requirements.