Merck
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14606

Sigma-Aldrich

Cholesterol

tested according to Ph. Eur.

Synonym(s):
3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol, Cholesterolum
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C27H46O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
386.65
Beilstein:
1915888
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

form

powder

bp

360 °C (lit.)

mp

147-149 °C (lit.)

solubility

chloroform: soluble 1 gm in 4.5 ml
diethyl ether: soluble 1 gm in 2.8 ml
pyridine: soluble 1 gm in 1.5 ml
H2O: insoluble
acetone: soluble
alcohol: slightly soluble
alcohol: very soluble (Hot)
benzene: soluble
dioxane: soluble
ethyl acetate: soluble
hexane: soluble
oil: soluble
petroleum ether: soluble

density

1.067 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC(C)CCC[C@@H](C)[C@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H]3CC=C4C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@H]3CC[C@]12C

InChI

1S/C27H46O/c1-18(2)7-6-8-19(3)23-11-12-24-22-10-9-20-17-21(28)13-15-26(20,4)25(22)14-16-27(23,24)5/h9,18-19,21-25,28H,6-8,10-17H2,1-5H3/t19-,21+,22+,23-,24+,25+,26+,27-/m1/s1

InChI key

HVYWMOMLDIMFJA-DPAQBDIFSA-N

Gene Information

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Application

Cholesterol was used for preparing ISCOMS containing ovalbumin (OVA) for studying whether the incorporation of the protein antigen ovalbumin (OVA) in lipophilic immune-stimulating complexes (ISCOMS) induces very strong primary immune responses. It was incorporated in animal feed to study the effect of cholesterol-rich diet.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cholesterol is a lipid that makes up about 20-25% of the structural components of the cell membranes. It determines the fluidity and permeability of the membrane, making it permeable to water but not to ions and protons. Cholesterol also regulates the functions of the transporters and signaling proteins present on the plasma membrane. The major sites of cholesterol synthesis are small intestine and liver.
Major component of all biological membranes; ~25% of total brain lipid is cholesterol.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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