All Photos(2)

M1547

Sigma-Aldrich

Metronidazole

BioXtra

Synonym(s):
2-Methyl-5-nitroimidazole-1-ethanol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H9N3O3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
171.15
Beilstein:
611683
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

product line

BioXtra

impurities

≤0.0005% Phosphorus (P)
≤0.1% Insoluble matter

ign. residue

≤0.1%

color

white to light yellow

mp

159-161 °C (lit.)

solubility

acetic acid: 0.1 M, clear, colorless to yellow

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.05%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0005%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
Na: ≤0.01%
Pb: ≤0.001%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
parasites

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC1=NC=C([N+]([O-])=O)N1CCO

InChI

1S/C6H9N3O3/c1-5-7-4-6(9(11)12)8(5)2-3-10/h4,10H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

VAOCPAMSLUNLGC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Chemical structure: imidazole

Application

Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole used to treat amebiasis, vaginitis, Trichomonas infections, giardiasis, anaerobic bacteria and treponemal infections. Metronidazole is used to study DNA damage and repair and has been found to induce the gene transfer agent VSH-1 in Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. It is commonly used for treatment of periodontitis and is used in bioavailability studies.

Packaging

5, 25 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Metronidazole is a prodrug and is selective for anaerobic bacteria due to their ability to intracellularly reduce metronidazole to its active form. Reduced metronidazole covalently binds to DNA which disrupts its helical structure, induces DNA strand breaks and inhibits bacterial nucleic acid synthesis. Bacterial cell death results.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 1B - Muta. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

T H I Brummer et al.
BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 120(10), 1269-1276 (2013-06-22)
To evaluate cefuroxime and metronidazole antibiotic prophylaxis. Observational nonrandomised 1-year prospective cohort study. Fifty-three hospitals in Finland. A total of 5279 women undergoing hysterectomy for benign indications, with cefuroxime given to 4301 and metronidazole given to 2855. Excluding other antibiotics
Christina M Surawicz et al.
The American journal of gastroenterology, 108(4), 478-498 (2013-02-27)
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a leading cause of hospital-associated gastrointestinal illness and places a high burden on our health-care system. Patients with CDI typically have extended lengths-of-stay in hospitals, and CDI is a frequent cause of large hospital outbreaks
Dina Zandbergen et al.
Journal of periodontology, 84(3), 332-351 (2012-05-23)
The treatment of periodontitis frequently begins with a non-surgical phase that includes scaling and root planing (SRP) and, on occasion, the use of systemic antibiotics. The goal of this review is to systematically evaluate the data concerning the effect of
Sonja Löfmark et al.
Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 50 Suppl 1, S16-S23 (2010-01-14)
Metronidazole has been used for the treatment of infections for >45 years and is still successfully used for the treatment of trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, and giardiasis. Anaerobic bacterial infections caused by Bacteroides species, fusobacteria, and clostridia respond favorably to metronidazole therapy.
Konstantinos Z Vardakas et al.
International journal of antimicrobial agents, 40(1), 1-8 (2012-03-09)
The objective of this review was to evaluate the frequency of treatment failure and recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) following treatment with vancomycin or metronidazole in recently performed studies (last 10 years). Searches in PubMed and Scopus were performed

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