34860

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.9%

Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.9%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

application(s)

HPLC: suitable
immunofluorescence: suitable

impurities

≤0.0005% non-volatile matter
≤1 ppb fluorescence (quinine) at 254 nm
≤1 ppb fluorescence (quinine) at 365 nm
<0.03% water (Karl Fischer)

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

λ

neat

UV absorption

λ: 205 nm Amax: ≤1.00
λ: 210 nm Amax: ≤0.60
λ: 220 nm Amax: ≤0.30
λ: 230 nm Amax: ≤0.20
λ: 235 nm Amax: ≤0.10
λ: 240 nm Amax: ≤0.10
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.04
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.01
λ: 400 nm Amax: ≤0.01

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methanol is an organic solvent that can be synthesized from syngas in the presence of CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. It is an ideal candidate as a hydrogen source in fuel cell technology due to its high H/C ratio, low propensity for soot generation, relatively low reforming temperature and as it exists in liquid state at room temperature. In a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), methanol undergoes oxidation with air to generate electricity. The olefins (ethylene or propylene) formed from methanol via MTO (methanol-to-olefins) process, can be an alternate to oil and gas to produce hydrocarbon fuels.
Thermochemical conversion of methanol to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed.

Application

Methanol can be used as a mobile phase in reversed-phase liquid chromatography.
Methanol (MeOH) has been used in the wholemount immunofluorescence studies of embryonic tissues.
It may be used in the following studies:
  • Colony forming unit-fibroblast assay of bone marrow mononuclear cells.
  • As solvent for the preparation of extracts of hyphae of Aspergillus for the estimation of gliotoxin by reversed phase-HPLC.
  • Immunofluorescence studies.
  • To compose the eluent for the ion-pair reverse-phase HPLC isolation of nucleotides and their decomposition products.

Packaging

1, 6×1, 2, 4×2, 4, 4×4 L in glass bottle
20, 50, 200 L in Pure-Pac™ 2
100 mL in glass bottle
18 L in Pure-Pac™ 1

Preparation Note

Product filtered through a 0.2 μm filter

Other Notes

Pure-Pac® II containers require the Micromatic MacroValve coupler for dispensing solvents, Z560723.
Important notice
  • The article number 34860-4X2.5L-R will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 34860-2.5L-R which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
  • The article number 34860-6X1L-R will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 34860-1L-R which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

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Legal Information

Pure-Pac is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

signalword

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point C

9.7 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. Who do I contact about larger solvent volume needs?

    Email us at labessentials@sial.com or visit Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals for development and manufacturing-scale inquiries: safcglobal@sial.com

  4. How do I know what packaging options are available for a solvent?

    The Solvent Center gives you the ability to review all the specifications associated with our solvent packaging. This includes physical dimensions, closure types, dispensing methods, UN/DOT Rating as well as solvent compatibility. Visit the Solvent Center.

  5. Who do I contact if I need a solvent blend, which you do not carry?

    Email us at labessentials@sial.com. For a complete listing of all our Solvent blends, visit the Solvent Center

  6. The dispensing of solvents provides some challenges due to the number of container options available. What dispensing options are available for each container?

    The Sigma-Aldrich Solvent Center provides numerous dispensing options for each container type. For a complete listing of all our dispensing options, visit the Solvent Center.

  7. Which solvent grade should I be using for my application?

    Sigma-Aldrich Solvent Applications Table gives a guideline to common applications and the appropriate solvent grades.  Visit: Solvents

  8. What are the options for drying solvents? 

    Sigma-Aldrich offers a full range of high-purity solvents with extremely low water levels specifically manufactured for moisture sensitive Organic and Biotech applications.  Sigma-Aldrich also carries various drying agents such as molecular sieves, which are typically compatible with organic solvents.

  9. What apparatus do you recommend for HPLC solvent filtration?

    The Sigma-Aldrich Vacuum Filtration Assembly gives you all the components you need including: funnel top, fritted glass funnel support, filtration flask, aluminum clamp, and silicone stopper.  The Acrodisc Syringe Filters offer high quality filtration for analytical samples, certified for HPLC to ensure low extractable and available in a broad range of membranes to meet sample compatibility requirements.

  10. Can you recommend a Solvent Extractor for organics from aqueous solution?

    Solvent extractors are often used for the quantitative extraction of organics from aqueous solutions and separations in immunoassays. The MIXXOR system has been applied successfully in many laboratory solvent extraction operations and is ideal for the rapid screening of alternative solvents for specific extraction problems.

High-performance liquid chromatography of thiols and disulfides: dinitrophenol derivatives.
Fariss MW and Reed DJ.
Methods in Enzymology, 143, 101-109 (1987)
Jonas Ahnfelt-Rønne et al.
The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society, 55(9), 925-930 (2007-05-05)
We have developed a wholemount immunofluorescence protocol for the simultaneous detection of up to three proteins in mouse and chicken embryos. Combined with Murray's clearing reagent (BABB) and microscope objectives with long working ranges and high numerical apertures mounted on...
Mehmet Nuri Atalar et al.
Life sciences, 231, 116577-116577 (2019-06-19)
Galectin-3 is associated with the process of inflammation and fibrosis. The aim of this study was both to evaluate of galectin-3, methylated arginines and hs-CRP in subjects with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes and to investigate a relation between serum...
Catalytic carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol: A review of recent studies.
Jadhav SG, et al.
Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(11), 2557-2567 (2014)
Beyond oil and gas: the methanol economy.
Olah GA.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 44(18), 2636-2639 (2005)
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