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82280

Sigma-Aldrich

1,2-Propanediol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
1,2-PDO, Propylene glycol
Linear Formula:
CH3CH(OH)CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
76.09
Beilstein:
1340498
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

vapor density

2.62 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.08 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

form

viscous liquid

autoignition temp.

779 °F

shelf life

3 yr

expl. lim.

12.5 %

impurities

≤0.003% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.1% water

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

ign. residue

<0.005% (as SO4)

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)
n20/D 1.433

bp

187 °C (lit.)

mp

−60 °C (lit.)

density

1.036 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤1 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤20 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤1 mg/kg
Co: ≤1 mg/kg
Cr: ≤1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤1 mg/kg
K: ≤20 mg/kg
Mg: ≤1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤1 mg/kg
Na: ≤20 mg/kg
Ni: ≤1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

CC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O2/c1-3(5)2-4/h3-5H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

DNIAPMSPPWPWGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

1,2-Propanediol is a 1,2-alkanediol. It can be obtained from glycerol, via hydrogenolysis in the presence of Ru/C and Amberlyst ion-exchange resins.

Application

1,2-Propanediol (propanediol) may be employed as a cryoprotective agent for the preservation (by cooling to sub-zero temperatures) of human embryos and oocytes (human and mouse).

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. 82280.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

219.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

104 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

B Lassalle et al.
Fertility and sterility, 44(5), 645-651 (1985-11-01)
Eighty-five human embryos fertilized in vitro were frozen and thawed with 1,2 propanediol as a cryoprotective agent. The effects of viability of in vitro culture duration, stage, and morphologic appearance of embryos were examined after thawing. Survival was higher for
Glycerol hydrogenolysis to 1, 2-propanediol catalyzed by a heat-resistant ion-exchange resin combined with Ru/C.
Miyazawa T, et al.
Applied Catalysis A: General, 329, 30-35 (2007)
D A Gook et al.
Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 8(7), 1101-1109 (1993-07-01)
Human and mouse oocytes were cryopreserved by a slow freeze, rapid thaw method, using propanediol (PROH) as the cryoprotectant. A simulated cryopreservation was also included in the study to detect the level of damage attributable to the PROH alone. Comparison
C Fernandez et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 24(1), 155-165 (2000-12-07)
The aim of this study was to determine the skin penetration of benzophenone-3 in vitro and in vivo in order to investigate a possible influence of formulation. Six different vehicles, three solvents and three different emulsion types were evaluated in
Gai Ling Li et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 84(1-2), 49-57 (2002-10-26)
To achieve a therapeutical effect of the anti-Parkinson's drug R-apomorphine via iontophoresis delivery, enhancement strategies in vitro were explored using three structurally related enhancers, lauric acid (LA), dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) and Laureth-3 oxyethylene ether (C(12)EO(3)). Human stratum corneum and shed

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