Merck
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46401

Supelco

Cycloheximide

PESTANAL®, analytical standard

Synonym(s):
3-[2-(3,5-Dimethyl-2-oxocyclohexyl)-2-hydroxyethyl]glutarimide, Actidione, Naramycin A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C15H23NO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
281.35
Beilstein:
88868
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

analytical standard

Quality Level

description

mixture of stereo isomers

product line

PESTANAL®

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

solubility

H2O: slightly soluble

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi

application(s)

agriculture
cleaning products
cosmetics
environmental
food and beverages
personal care

format

neat

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[H][C@]1(C[C@@H](C)C[C@H](C)C1=O)[C@H](O)CC2CC(=O)NC(=O)C2

InChI

1S/C15H23NO4/c1-8-3-9(2)15(20)11(4-8)12(17)5-10-6-13(18)16-14(19)7-10/h8-12,17H,3-7H2,1-2H3,(H,16,18,19)/t8-,9-,11-,12+/m0/s1

InChI key

YPHMISFOHDHNIV-FSZOTQKASA-N

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General description

Cycloheximide is an antibiotic having significant antifungal properties. It is produced by streptomycin-producing strains of Streptomyces griseus and acts by inhibiting protein synthesis. Its main biological activity is translation inhibition in eukaryotes resulting in cell growth arrest and cell death. It is used as a fungicide.
As per Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009, repealing the directive 91/414, cycloheximide is not approved for use in the European Union (EU).

Application

Cycloheximide may find the following uses:
  • To evaluate the antifungal efficacy and safety of cycloheximide as a supplement in Optisol-GS
  • To study the effect of cycloheximide on leaf-cutting ant workers
  • To study the effect of streptomycin, cycloheximide, fungizone, captan, carbofuran, cygon, and pentachloronitrobenzene on soil microorganisms
  • To study the fungal control of nitrous oxide production in a semiarid grassland
  • To study the activity and degradation of streptomycin and cycloheximide in soil

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cycloheximide (CHX) is an antibiotic produced by S. griseus. Its main biological activity is translation inhibition in eukaryotes resulting in cell growth arrest and cell death. CHX is widely used for selection of CHX-resistant strains of yeast and fungi, controlled inhibition of protein synthesis for detection of short-lived proteins and super-induction of protein expression, and apoptosis induction or facilitation of apoptosis induction by death receptors.

Legal Information

PESTANAL is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich International GmbH

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Muta. 2 - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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