Merck
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270970

Sigma-Aldrich

Pyridine

anhydrous, 99.8%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H5N
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
79.10
Beilstein:
103233
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

anhydrous

Quality Level

vapor density

2.72 (vs air)

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 13.2 °C)
20 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

899 °F

expl. lim.

12.4 %

impurities

<0.003% water
<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

color

colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.509 (lit.)

pH

~8.81 (20 °C)

bp

115 °C (lit.)

mp

−42 °C (lit.)

density

0.978 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

C1=CN=CC=C1

InChI

1S/C5H5N/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1/h1-5H

InChI key

JUJWROOIHBZHMG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Pyridine is a basic N-heterocyclic compound. It acts as nitrogen donor ligand and forms many metal-pyridine complexes. Its complexes having tetrahedral and octahedral geometries can be differentiated by infra-red spectral investigations.

Application

Pyridine (py) may be used in the preparation of vanadium oxide nanoparticles and iron benzenedicarboxylates, Fe(OH)(BDC)(py)0.85 (BDC = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate, py = pyridine). It may be employed as catalyst in Knoevenagel condensation reaction.
Pyridine may be used as a base for the conversion of:
  • Alkyltrichlorosilanes to trimethoxyalkylsilanes, which are used as precursors for preparing alkylsilicates.
  • 1-Indanone to 1-indanone oxime, which can undergo reductive ring-expansion to form tetrahydroquinoline.

It may also be used to catalyze the borylation reaction of haloarenes to form arylboronates without using transition metal catalysts.

Packaging

4×25, 100, 12×100 mL in Sure/Seal™
1, 6×1, 2, 4×2 L in Sure/Seal™
200 L in Pure-Pac™ 1

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

68.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

20 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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