Merck
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R4393

Sigma-Aldrich

Roxithromycin

95.0-102.0% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Erythromycin 9-(-O-[2-methoxyethoxy]methyloxime)
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C41H76N2O15
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
837.05
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

assay

95.0-102.0% (HPLC)

form

powder or crystals

solubility

chloroform: soluble 10 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CCC1OC(=O)C(C)C(OC2CC(C)(OC)C(O)C(C)O2)C(C)C(OC3OC(C)CC(C3O)N(C)C)C(C)(O)CC(C)C(=N/OCOCCOC)\C(C)C(O)C1(C)O

InChI

1S/C41H76N2O15/c1-15-29-41(10,49)34(45)24(4)31(42-53-21-52-17-16-50-13)22(2)19-39(8,48)36(58-38-32(44)28(43(11)12)18-23(3)54-38)25(5)33(26(6)37(47)56-29)57-30-20-40(9,51-14)35(46)27(7)55-30/h22-30,32-36,38,44-46,48-49H,15-21H2,1-14H3/b42-31+

InChI key

RXZBMPWDPOLZGW-FEMONOMJSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: macrolide

Application

Roxithromycin is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic. Roxithromycin is used to block bacterial protein synthesis. Clinically, it is used to treat respiratory tract, urinary and soft tissue infections. It has a similar antimicrobial spectrum as erythromycin, but is the preferred treatment for certain gram-negative bacteria, such as Legionella pneumophila.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Roxithromycin impairs NADPH oxidase activation and alters translocation of its cytosolic components to the neutrophil membrane. It is similar in composition, chemical structure and mechanism of action to erythromycin, azithromycin, and clarithromycin. Roxithromycin binds to the subunit 50S of the bacterial ribosome, inhibiting the translocation of peptides.
Semisynthetic erythromycin derivative. Impairs NADPH oxidase activation and alters translocation of its cytosolic components to the neutrophil membrane.

Packaging

1g,10g

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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