All Photos(2)



Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride

≥98.5% (GC)

α-Toluenesulfonyl fluoride, Benzylsulfonyl fluoride, Phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, PMSF
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source



≥98.5% (GC)




91-94 °C


dry solvents (ethanol, methanol, and 2-propanol): 200 mM (Stock solution are stable for months at 4°C.)
H2O: unstable

SMILES string




InChI key


Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) is a widely used serine protease inhibitor, effective against such enzymes as chymotrypsin, thrombin, and trypsin. PMSF acts as an inhibitor via sulfonation of the hydroxyl residues of serine residues at the reactive sites of serine proteases.


Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride has been used in following applications:
  • cell fractionation.
  • used as a supplement in nuclear protein extraction.
  • inhibitor of cholesterol esterase (CE) and pseudocholinesterase (PCE).
  • used for the collection of blood prior to centrifugation to quantify plasma ANP levels.
PMSF is often used in lysis buffer to assist in preserving proteins of interest during protein isolation and sample preparation, by inhibiting proteases that would otherwise degrade proteins after cell or tissue lysis. PMSF is unstable in aqueous media. Thus stock solutions of PMSF are generally prepared in anhydrous organic solvents (e.g. 100% ethanol, or anhydrous isopropanol) prior to use in aqueous media.

Noted general features and benefits of PMSF include the following:
  • Inhibits serine proteases such as trypsin and chymotrypsin
  • Also inhibits cysteine proteases (reversible by reduced thiols) and mammalian acetylcholinesterase
  • Not as effective or as toxic as DFP
  • Effective concentration 0.1-1 mM
  • Half-life = 1 hr. at pH 7.5


250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5, 25, 100 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Administration of PMSF produces analgesia unrelated to its anticholinesterase effect, and prolongs the analagesic effect of centrally administered β-endorphin.


CorrosionSkull and crossbones

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

  1. How should Product P7626, Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), solutions be prepared?

    Stock solutions of 100-200 mM can be prepared in anhydrous isopropanol or anhydrous absolute ethanol. PMSF is unstable in the presence of water.

  2. How should stock solutions of Product P7626,  Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), be stored?

    A 200 mM solution in dry solvent is stable for at least 9 months when stored at 2-8°C.

  3. What does Product P7626,  Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), inhibit?

    PMSF is a serine protease inhibitor, inhibiting the activity of enzymes such as thrombin, trypsin, papain, chymotrypsin and proteinase K. It also inhibits mammalian acetylcholinesterases.

  4. What is the effective amount of Product P7626,  Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), to be used?

    The effective concentration range is 0.1-1 mM. A final concentration of 5 mM was used for proteinase K inhibition.

  5. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  6. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Estrogen receptors activate atrial natriuretic peptide in the rat heart.
Jankowski M, et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 98(20), 11765-11770 (2001)
Salivary esterase activity and its association with the biodegradation of dental composites.
Finer Y and Santerre JP.
Journal of Dental Research, 83(1), 22-26 (2004)
C Pinsky et al.
Life sciences, 31(12-13), 1193-1196 (1982-09-20)
Intraperitoneal (IP) injection of the serine proteinase inhibitor phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) produced dose-dependent analgesia in Sprague-Dawley rats. AD50 was 2.9 +/- 1.4 (S.E.) mg kg-1, the analgesia was antagonized by naloxone but unaffected by atropine. PMSF significantly enhanced the analgesic
Löms Ziegler-Heitbrock et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 171(1), 285-290 (2003-06-21)
The anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 can be induced by type I IFNs, but the molecular mechanisms involved have remained elusive. With in silico analysis of the human IL-10 promoter we identified a module consisting of an IFN regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1)
Lise Boussemart et al.
Nature, 513(7516), 105-109 (2014-08-01)
In BRAF(V600)-mutant tumours, most mechanisms of resistance to drugs that target the BRAF and/or MEK kinases rely on reactivation of the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway, on activation of the alternative, PI(3)K-AKT-mTOR, pathway (which is ERK independent)



Enzyme Explorer Product Application Index for Elastase. Leukocyte elastase is a 29KDa serine endoprotease of the Proteinase S1 Family. It exists as a single 238 amino acid-peptide chain with four disulfide bonds.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service