Merck
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I6657

Sigma-Aldrich

Itraconazole

≥98% (TLC)

Synonym(s):
Oriconazole, R51211, Sporanox
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C35H38Cl2N8O4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
705.63
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (TLC)

color

white

solubility

chloroform: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi

Mode of action

enzyme | inhibits

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CCC(C)N1N=CN(C1=O)c2ccc(cc2)N3CCN(CC3)c4ccc(OCC5COC(Cn6cncn6)(O5)c7ccc(Cl)cc7Cl)cc4

InChI

1S/C35H38Cl2N8O4/c1-3-25(2)45-34(46)44(24-40-45)29-7-5-27(6-8-29)41-14-16-42(17-15-41)28-9-11-30(12-10-28)47-19-31-20-48-35(49-31,21-43-23-38-22-39-43)32-13-4-26(36)18-33(32)37/h4-13,18,22-25,31H,3,14-17,19-21H2,1-2H3

InChI key

VHVPQPYKVGDNFY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Itraconazole is a triazole antifungal agent. It is used to inhibit cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes and ergosterol synthesis. It has been used against histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, cryptococcal meningitis, and aspergillosis. It′s different formulations are used to study Candida strains in murine invasive infections[52]. It has been used to study proliferative changes of the forestomach mucosa in alloxan-induced diabetic rats[47].

Packaging

100 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Itraconazole inhibits cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes which results in the inhibition of ergosterol synthesis. It does so by interacting with 14-α demethylase, which is a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary to convert lanosterol to ergosterol. Ergosterol is a crucial compenent of fungal cell membranes. Therefore, it′s inhibition results in increased cellular permeability causing leakage of cellular contents. Itraconazole may also inhibit endogenous respiration, interact with membrane phospholipids, inhibit the transformation of yeasts to mycelial forms, inhibit purine uptake, and impair triglyceride and phospholipid biosynthesis.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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