β-D-Allose (β-D-Allose), a rare sugar member of the aldohexose family and a C3 epimer of glucose, is used as an inhibitor of fruiting body formation and sporulation in Myxococcus xanthus.
D-Allose is a rare aldohexose sugar that has demonstrated anti-cancer, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, antihypertensive, cryoprotective, and immunosuppressant activities. D-Allose upregulates thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) gene expression and was found to induce G1 cell cycle arrest in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. It inhibited transcriptional activity of the activator protein 1, nuclear factor-κB, and nuclear factor of activated T cells. D-Allose decreases transport of 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 3-O-methyl-D-glucose in V79 Chinese hamster lung fibroblast cells.