Merck
All Photos(2)

E3893

Sigma-Aldrich

(−)-Epicatechin gallate

≥98% (HPLC), from green tea

Synonym(s):
(−)-cis-2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-benzopyran-3,5,7-triol 3-gallate, (−)-cis-3,3′,4′,5,7-Pentahydroxyflavane 3-gallate, 3-O-Galloylepicatechin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H18O10
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
442.37
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

green tea

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Oc1cc(O)c2C[C@@H](OC(=O)c3cc(O)c(O)c(O)c3)[C@H](Oc2c1)c4ccc(O)c(O)c4

InChI

1S/C22H18O10/c23-11-6-14(25)12-8-19(32-22(30)10-4-16(27)20(29)17(28)5-10)21(31-18(12)7-11)9-1-2-13(24)15(26)3-9/h1-7,19,21,23-29H,8H2/t19-,21-/m1/s1

InChI key

LSHVYAFMTMFKBA-TZIWHRDSSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

(−)-Epicatechin gallate is one of the major polyphenols present in green tea. It belongs to the catechin gallates group of organic compounds. ECG has a chemical structure like that of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the other major polyphenol found in green tea.

Application

(−)-Epicatechin gallate has been used:
  • in cell proliferation assays on the human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMVECs) to understand its effectiveness against anti-ischemic/reperfusion injury
  • as an inhibitor in Human Salivary α-Amylase (HAS) and α-Glucosidase (AGH) in inhibition assays
  • may be used as a cancer chemopreventive polyphenol in two human colorectal cell lines HCT-116 and SW-480
  • as an inhibitor to in vitro collagenase and elastase enzymes
  • as a supplement in spermatozoa incubation to check its effectiveness against oxidative stress

Packaging

10 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

(−)-Epicatechin gallate (ECG), a potent free-radical scavenger has an inhibitory effect on collagenase and elastase enzymes making it an anti-aging agent. It displays antiproliferative effects on human colorectal cells and hence is a chemo-preventative agent. It influences cell survival, preventing apoptosis or autophagy by promoting cell proliferation in oxygen-glucose deprived human brain microvascular endothelial cells. Being structurally and functionally similar to EGCG, ECG might be involved in balancing the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathways in endoplasmic reticulum stress. It prevents cell death in this scenario by showing resistance against oxygen-deprived cells. ECG may contribute in preventing oxidative stress. It effectively inhibits secretory sphingomyelinase in many disease states and provides protection for human spermatozoa in Assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service