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W213128

Sigma-Aldrich

Benzoic acid

natural, ≥99.5%, FCC, FG

Linear Formula:
C6H5COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
122.12
FEMA Number:
2131
Beilstein:
636131
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
21
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.021
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher
natural

agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 184.1021

vapor density

4.21 (vs air)

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 132 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

powder

autoignition temp.

1061 °F

packaging

fiber drum of 5 kg

bp

132-133 °C/10 mmHg
249 °C (lit.)

mp

121-125 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 2.9 g/L at 25 °C

density

1.32 g/cm3 at 20 °C

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤2 ppm

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Organoleptic

balsam

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C7H6O2/c8-7(9)6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H,(H,8,9)

InChI key

WPYMKLBDIGXBTP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Benzoic acid is an organic acid mainly that is an antimicrobial agent, flavoring agent and preservative in its sodium salt form.

Packaging

5 kg in fiber drum
100 g in glass bottle
1 kg in glass bottle

Pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 Inhalation

Target Organs

Lungs

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

249.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

121 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives, 1, 249-252 (1997)
Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, Flavors, and Ingredients, 141-141 (2012)
S Nacht et al.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 4(1), 31-37 (1981-01-01)
The transepidermal penetration and metabolic disposition of 14C-benzoyl peroxide were assessed in vitro (excised human skin) and in vivo (rhesus monkey). In vitro, the benzoyl peroxide penetrated into the skin, through the stratum corneum or the follicular openings, or both
G C Tremblay et al.
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 60(1), 63-90 (1993-10-01)
Detoxification of sodium benzoate by elimination as a conjugate with glycine, a nonessential amino acid, provides a pathway for the disposal of waste nitrogen. Since 1979, sodium benzoate has been widely used in the therapeutic regimen to combat ammonia toxicity
Wanchun Xiang et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(2), 256-260 (2013-01-25)
Sensing the sun: Incorporation of a cyanomethyl benzoic acid electron acceptor into donor-π-acceptor sensitizers for dye-sensitized-solar cell is shown to lead to devices with improved conversion efficiency when compared with more widely used cyanoacetic acid acceptor.

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