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Natural Mutagenesis-Enabled Global Proteomic Study of Metabolic and Carbon Source Implications in Mutant Thermoacidophillic Archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus PBL2025.

Journal of proteome research (2017-05-19)
Wen Qiu, Trong Khoa Pham, Xin Zou, Saw Yen Ow, Phillip C Wright
ABSTRACT

The thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus has been widely used as a model organism for archaeal systems biology research. Investigation using its spontaneous mutant PBL2025 provides an effective metabolic baseline to study subsequent mutagenesis-induced functional process shifts as well as changes in feedback inhibitions. Here, an untargeted metabolic investigation using quantitative proteomics and metabolomics was performed to correlate changes in S. solfataricus strains P2 against PBL2025 and under both glucose and tryptone. The study is combined with pathway enrichment analysis to identify prominent proteins with differential stoichiometry. Proteome level quantification reveals that over 20% of the observed overlapping proteome is differentially expressed under these conditions. Metabolic-induced differential expressions are observed along the central carbon metabolism, along with 12 other significantly regulated pathways. Current findings suggest that PBL2025 is able to compensate through the induction of carbon metabolism, as well as other anabolic pathways such as Val, Leu and iso-Leu biosynthesis. Studying protein abundance changes after changes in carbon sources also reveals distinct differences in metabolic strategies employed by both strains, whereby a clear down-regulation of carbohydrate and nucleotide metabolism is observed for P2, while a mixed response through down-regulation of energy formation and up-regulation of glycolysis is observed for PBL2025. This study contributes, to date, the most comprehensive network of changes in carbohydrate and amino acid pathways using the complementary systems biology observations at the protein and metabolite levels. Current findings provide a unique insight into molecular processing changes through natural (spontaneous) metabolic rewiring, as well as a systems biology understanding of the metabolic elasticity of thermoacidophiles to environmental carbon source change, potentially guiding more efficient directed mutagenesis in archaea.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Glyceraldehyde, ≥90% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Picropodophyllotoxin, ≥96% (HPLC), powder