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Kinetic and mechanistic study on the reactions of ruthenium(ii) chlorophenyl terpyridine complexes with nucleobases, oligonucleotides and DNA.

Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003) (2017-02-01)
Milan M Milutinović, Sofi K C Elmroth, Goran Davidović, Ana Rilak, Olivera R Klisurić, Ioannis Bratsos, Živadin D Bugarčić
ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the ability of Ru(ii) polypyridyl complexes to act as DNA binders. The substitution reactions of three Ru(ii) chlorophenyl terpyridine complexes, i.e. [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(en)Cl]Cl (1), [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(dach)Cl]Cl (2) and [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(bpy)Cl]Cl (3) (Cl-Ph-tpy = 4'-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, en = 1,2-diaminoethane, dach = 1,2-diaminocyclohexane, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), with a mononucleotide guanosine-5'-monophosphate (5'-GMP) and oligonucleotides such as fully complementary 15-mer and 22-mer duplexes with a centrally located GG-binding site for DNA, and fully complementary 13-mer duplexes with a centrally located GG-binding site for RNA were studied quantitatively by UV-Vis spectroscopy. Duplex RNA reacts faster with complexes 1-3 than duplex DNA, while shorter duplex DNA (15mer GG) reacts faster compared with 22mer GG duplex DNA. The measured enthalpies and entropies of activation (ΔH

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