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Carbon dynamics, development and stress responses in Arabidopsis: involvement of the APL4 subunit of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (starch synthesis).

PloS one (2011-11-11)
Cécile Sulmon, Gwenola Gouesbet, Fanny Ramel, Francisco Cabello-Hurtado, Christophe Penno, Nicole Bechtold, Ivan Couée, Abdelhak El Amrani
ABSTRACT

An Arabidopsis thaliana T-DNA insertional mutant was identified and characterized for enhanced tolerance to the singlet-oxygen-generating herbicide atrazine in comparison to wild-type. This enhanced atrazine tolerance mutant was shown to be affected in the promoter structure and in the regulation of expression of the APL4 isoform of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, a key enzyme of the starch biosynthesis pathway, thus resulting in decrease of APL4 mRNA levels. The impact of this regulatory mutation was confirmed by the analysis of an independent T-DNA insertional mutant also affected in the promoter of the APL4 gene. The resulting tissue-specific modifications of carbon partitioning in plantlets and the effects on plantlet growth and stress tolerance point out to specific and non-redundant roles of APL4 in root carbon dynamics, shoot-root relationships and sink regulations of photosynthesis. Given the effects of exogenous sugar treatments and of endogenous sugar levels on atrazine tolerance in wild-type Arabidopsis plantlets, atrazine tolerance of this apl4 mutant is discussed in terms of perception of carbon status and of investment of sugar allocation in xenobiotic and oxidative stress responses.

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Murashige and Skoog Basal Medium, powder, suitable for plant cell culture