The objective of this study was to assess fertilization and embryonic development following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of oocytes from porcine preantral follicles matured in vitro. Also, another aim was to describe actin filament distribution during fertilization and embryonic development of those oocytes after ICSI as one of the factors assessed. Preantral follicles isolated from prepubertal porcine ovaries were cultured in a system that supports follicular development. After in vitro maturation, the oocytes were fertilized by ICSI or conventional fertilization in vitro (IVF). Actin filaments of the fertilized oocytes and embryos produced by ICSI or IVF were stained by rhodamine-phalloidin and visualized by fluorescence microscopy. ICSI resulted in 64% fertilization of porcine preantral follicle oocytes matured in vitro. Of those, 51% of the fertilized oocytes cleaved and 21% developed to the blastocyst stage. No significant differences in percentages of oocyte fertilization, cleavage, and blastocyst formation were observed between ICSI and IVF (53%, 45% and 16%, respectively). Actin filament distribution during fertilization and embryonic development of ICSI- or IVF-fertilized oocytes from porcine preantral follicles was similar to that of oocytes derived from antral follicles and fertilized by standard IVF. These results indicate that oocytes from porcine preantral follicles matured in vitro following ICSI can undergo fertilization and subsequent embryonic development.