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  • Effects of Decitabine on Invasion and Exosomal Expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in Oxaliplatin-Resistant Colorectal Cancer Cells.

Effects of Decitabine on Invasion and Exosomal Expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in Oxaliplatin-Resistant Colorectal Cancer Cells.

Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin (2015-07-17)
Shota Tanaka, Mika Hosokawa, Kumiko Ueda, Seigo Iwakawa
ABSTRACT

The effects of decitabine (DAC), a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor, on metastasis and exosomal expression of microRNAs were examined in SW620/OxR cells, a human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line (SW620) with acquired resistance to oxaliplatin. This cell line shows an invasive phenotype by epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Two CRC cell lines, SW480, derived from primary CRC, and SW620, derived from lymph node metastasis, which were obtained from the same patient, as well as SW620/OxR, were also used in the present study. Cytarabine (Ara-C), a non-DNMT-inhibiting cytidine analog, was used as negative control of DAC. No significant difference was observed in the invasion abilities of SW480 cells treated with DAC or Ara-C. On the other hand, invasion ability was suppressed by treatment with DAC in SW620 and SW620/OxR cells. Up-regulated expression of E-cadherin, microRNA-200c (miR-200c), and miR-141 following DAC treatment indicated the acquisition of epithelial cell-like characteristics in SW620 and SW620/OxR cells. Exosomal expression levels of miR-200c and miR-141 were also up-regulated by DAC treatment in SW620 and SW620/OxR but not in SW480 cells. This increase in exosomal miRNA expression negatively correlated with invasion ability. These results suggest that DNA demethylation treatment caused acquisition of epithelial cell-like characteristics in SW620 and SW620/OxR cells. Furthermore, the observed increased exosomal expression of miR-200c and miR-141 may be an indicator or biomarker candidate for mesenchymal-epithelial transition of CRC cells.

MATERIALS
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