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Balancing the Osteogenic and Antibacterial Properties of Titanium by Codoping of Mg and Ag: An in Vitro and in Vivo Study.

ACS applied materials & interfaces (2015-07-24)
Yaochao Zhao, Huiliang Cao, Hui Qin, Tao Cheng, Shi Qian, Mengqi Cheng, Xiaochun Peng, Jiaxin Wang, Yin Zhang, Guodong Jin, Xianlong Zhang, Xuanyong Liu, Paul K Chu
ABSTRACT

To simultaneously enhance the osteogenic and antibacterial properties of titanium, we introduced magnesium (Mg), silver (Ag), or both by using the plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) technique, producing three PIII sample groups, namely, Mg-doped titanium (Mg-PIII), Ag-doped titanium (Ag-PIII), and Mg and Ag codoped titanium (Mg/Ag-PIII). The in vitro antibacterial efficacy of Mg/Ag-PIII group was about 7-10% higher than that of Ag-PIII. In vitro and in vivo results demonstrated that osteogenic property of Mg/Ag PIII group was better than that of Ag-PIII or Mg-PIII. It was believed that the galvanic effects between Mg and Ag NPs played a key role in facilitating the release of Mg but reducing the release of silver, answering for the selective performances of the Mg/Ag-PIII group over bacterial and mammalian cells. This study demonstrated that the integration of multiple functional elements could be realized by the dual-source PIII technique, and in this case, the antibacterial properties and osteogenic property of titanium could be balanced.

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