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  • Monolithically integrated broad-band Mach-Zehnder interferometers for highly sensitive label-free detection of biomolecules through dual polarization optics.

Monolithically integrated broad-band Mach-Zehnder interferometers for highly sensitive label-free detection of biomolecules through dual polarization optics.

Scientific reports (2016-01-31)
A Psarouli, A Salapatas, A Botsialas, P S Petrou, I Raptis, E Makarona, G Jobst, K Tukkiniemi, M Sopanen, R Stoffer, S E Kakabakos, K Misiakos
ABSTRACT

Protein detection and characterization based on Broad-band Mach-Zehnder Interferometry is analytically outlined and demonstrated through a monolithic silicon microphotonic transducer. Arrays of silicon light emitting diodes and monomodal silicon nitride waveguides forming Mach-Zehnder interferometers were integrated on a silicon chip. Broad-band light enters the interferometers and exits sinusoidally modulated with two distinct spectral frequencies characteristic of the two polarizations. Deconvolution in the Fourier transform domain makes possible the separation of the two polarizations and the simultaneous monitoring of the TE and the TM signals. The dual polarization analysis over a broad spectral band makes possible the refractive index calculation of the binding adlayers as well as the distinction of effective medium changes into cover medium or adlayer ones. At the same time, multi-analyte detection at concentrations in the pM range is demonstrated.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, packaged for use in deposition systems, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
(3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, ≥98.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
(3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
(3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, 99%