MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Metabolism of diosbulbin B in vitro and in vivo in rats: formation of reactive metabolites and human enzymes involved.

Metabolism of diosbulbin B in vitro and in vivo in rats: formation of reactive metabolites and human enzymes involved.

Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals (2014-07-24)
Baohua Yang, Wei Liu, Kaixian Chen, Zhengtao Wang, Changhong Wang
ABSTRACT

Diosbulbin B (DB), a major constituent of the furano-norditerpenes in Dioscorea bulbifera Linn, exhibits potential antineoplasmic activity and hepatotoxicity. The metabolism and reactive metabolites of DB in vitro (with human and animal liver microsomes) and in vivo in rats were investigated. The human enzymes involved in DB metabolism were identified. DB was first catalyzed into reactive metabolites of 2-butene-1,4-dial derivatives dependent on NADPH and then trapped by Tris base or oxidized to hemiacetal lactones (M12 and M13) in microsomal incubations. Tris base was used as buffer constituent and as a trapping agent for aldehyde. Methoxylamine and glutathione (GSH) were also used as trapping agents. DB metabolism in vivo in rats after oral administration was consistent with that in vitro. The structures of M12 and M13, as well as mono-GSH conjugates of DB (M31), were confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the chemically synthesized products. The bioactivation enzymes of DB were identified as CYP3A4/5, 2C9, and 2C19. CYP3A4 was found to be the primary enzyme using human recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes, specific inhibitory studies, and a relative activity factor approach for pooled human liver microsomes. Michaelis-Menten constants K(m) and V(max) were determined by the formation of M31. The reactive metabolites may be related to the hepatotoxicity of DB. The gender difference in CYP3A expression in mice and rats contributed to the gender-related liver injury and pharmacokinetics in mice and rats, respectively.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sulfaphenazole, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tromethamine, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Sigma 7-9®, ≥99% (titration), crystalline
Sigma-Aldrich
Pyridine-d5, "100%", ≥99.96 atom % D
Sigma-Aldrich
Pyridine-d5, ≥99.5 atom % D
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, puriss. p.a., ≥99.7% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, ≥99.0% (T)
Supelco
Trizma® base, certified reference material for titrimetry, certified by BAM, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, ACS reagent, ≥99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.8% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, ≥99.9% (titration), crystalline
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, BioXtra, pH 10.5-12.0 (1 M in H2O), ≥99.9% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, BioPerformance Certified, meets EP, USP testing specifications, suitable for cell culture, ≥99.9% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Trizma® base, Primary Standard and Buffer, ≥99.9% (titration), crystalline
Sigma-Aldrich
Pyridine-d5, ≥99.5 atom % D, contains 0.03 % (v/v) TMS