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Highly-controllable imprinted polymer nanoshell at the surface of silica nanoparticles based room-temperature phosphorescence probe for detection of 2,4-dichlorophenol.

Analytica chimica acta (2015-03-31)
Xiao Wei, Zhiping Zhou, Tongfan Hao, Hongji Li, Yeqing Xu, Kai Lu, Yilin Wu, Jiangdong Dai, Jianming Pan, Yongsheng Yan
ABSTRACT

This paper reports a facile and general method for preparing an imprinted polymer thin shell with Mn-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) at the surface of silica nanoparticles by stepwise precipitation polymerization to form the highly-controllable core-shell nanoparticles (MIPs@SiO2-ZnS:Mn QDs) and sensitively recognize the target 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). Acrylamide (AM) and ethyl glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) were used as the functional monomer and the cross-linker, respectively. The MIPs@SiO2-ZnS:Mn QDs had a controllable shell thickness and a high density of effective recognition sites, and the thickness of uniform core-shell 2,4-DCP-imprinted nanoparticles was controlled by the total amounts of monomers. The MIPs@SiO2-ZnS:Mn QDs with a shell thickness of 45 nm exhibited the largest quenching efficiency to 2,4-DCP by using the spectrofluorometer. After the experimental conditions were optimized, a linear relationship was obtained covering the linear range of 1.0-84 μmol L(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.9981 and the detection limit (3σ/k) was 0.15 μmol L(-1). The feasibility of the developed method was successfully evaluated through the determination of 2,4-DCP in real samples. This study provides a general strategy to fabricate highly-controllable core-shell imprinted polymer-contained QDs with highly selective recognition ability.

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