MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Effects of kinesin-5 inhibition on dendritic architecture and microtubule organization.

Effects of kinesin-5 inhibition on dendritic architecture and microtubule organization.

Molecular biology of the cell (2014-10-31)
Olga I Kahn, Vandana Sharma, Christian González-Billault, Peter W Baas
ABSTRACT

Kinesin-5 is a slow homotetrameric motor protein best known for its essential role in the mitotic spindle, where it limits the rate at which faster motors can move microtubules. In neurons, experimental suppression of kinesin-5 causes the axon to grow faster by increasing the mobility of microtubules in the axonal shaft and the invasion of microtubules into the growth cone. Does kinesin-5 act differently in dendrites, given that they have a population of minus end-distal microtubules not present in axons? Using rodent primary neurons in culture, we found that inhibition of kinesin-5 during various windows of time produces changes in dendritic morphology and microtubule organization. Specifically, dendrites became shorter and thinner and contained a greater proportion of minus end-distal microtubules, suggesting that kinesin-5 acting normally restrains the number of minus end-distal microtubules that are transported into dendrites. Additional data indicate that, in neurons, CDK5 is the kinase responsible for phosphorylating kinesin-5 at Thr-926, which is important for kinesin-5 to associate with microtubules. We also found that kinesin-5 associates preferentially with microtubules rich in tyrosinated tubulin. This is consistent with an observed accumulation of kinesin-5 on dendritic microtubules, as they are known to be less detyrosinated than axonal microtubules.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, meets EP testing specifications, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, Hybri-Max, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for hybridoma, ≥99.7%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, PCR Reagent
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, ≥99.5% (GC), suitable for plant cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, sterile-filtered, BioPerformance Certified, meets EP, USP testing specifications, suitable for hybridoma
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, anhydrous, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
8-Octanoyloxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt, suitable for fluorescence, ≥90% (HPCE)
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, mixture of 2 components, ≥90% (HPLC)
Supelco
Dimethyl sulfoxide, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide solution, 50 wt. % in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutaric dialdehyde solution, 50 wt. % in H2O, FCC
Sigma-Aldrich
HEPES, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (T)
Millipore
D-(−)-Arabinose, suitable for microbiology, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, ≥97.5% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutaraldehyde solution, 50% in H2O, suitable for photographic applications
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutaraldehyde solution, Grade I, 70% in H2O, specially purified for use as an electron microscopy fixative or other sophisticated use
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutaraldehyde solution, Grade I, 25% in H2O, specially purified for use as an electron microscopy fixative
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutaraldehyde solution, Grade I, 50% in H2O, specially purified for use as an electron microscopy fixative or other sophisticated use
Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dilinoleoyl-3-palmitoyl-rac-glycerol, ≥95% (TLC), liquid
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(−)-Arabinose, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, suitable for protein labeling, ≥90% (HPLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, ≥97.5% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
HEPES buffer solution, 1 M in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutaraldehyde solution, 50 wt. % in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
HEPES, BioXtra, suitable for mouse embryo cell culture, ≥99.5% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
HEPES, ≥99.5% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
HEPES, BioPerformance Certified, ≥99.5% (titration), suitable for cell culture