Lymphoma is a common malignancy observed in companion animals. This type of naturally occurring neoplasia has been uncommonly reported in great apes. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was diagnosed in an 8-yr-old captive orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) with gastrointestinal disease by histologic and immunohistochemical methodologies. The orangutan was treated with three cycles of combination chemotherapy (intravenous Rituxan, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine). The primate has been in good health and exhibiting normal behaviors for more than 15 mo following treatment.