Antiradical activity of gallic acid included in lipid interphases.

Biochimica et biophysica acta (2014-07-08)
C L Salcedo, M A Frías, A C Cutro, M A Nazareno, E A Disalvo
ABSTRACT

Polyphenols are well known as antioxidant agents and by their effects on the hydration layers of lipid interphases. Among them, gallic acid and its derivatives are able to decrease the dipole potential and to act in water as a strong antioxidant. In this work we have studied both effects on lipid interphases in monolayers and bilayers of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine. The results show that gallic acid (GA) increases the negative surface charges of large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) and decreases the dipole potential of the lipid interphase. As a result, positively charged radical species such as ABTS(+) are able to penetrate the membrane forming an association with GA. These results allow discussing the antiradical activity (ARA) of GA at the membrane phase which may be taking place in water spaces between the lipids.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Gallic acid, 97.5-102.5% (titration)
Supelco
Gallic acid, certified reference material, TraceCERT®