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Microcontact printing of axon guidance molecules for generation of graded patterns.

Nature protocols (2007-04-05)
Anne C von Philipsborn, Susanne Lang, André Bernard, Jürgen Loeschinger, Christian David, Dirk Lehnert, Martin Bastmeyer, Friedrich Bonhoeffer
ABSTRACT

Microcontact printing (microCP) of proteins has been successfully used for patterning surfaces in various contexts. Here we describe a simple 'lift-off' method to print precise patterns of axon guidance molecules, which are used as substrate for growing chick retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons. Briefly, the etched pattern of a silicon master is transferred to a protein-coated silicone cuboid (made from polydimethylsiloxane, PDMS), which is then used as a stamp on a glass coverslip. RGC explants are placed adjacent to the pattern and cultured overnight. Fluorescent labeling of the printed proteins allows the quantitative analysis of the interaction of axons and growth cones with single protein dots and of the overall outgrowth and guidance rate in variously designed patterns. Patterned substrates can be produced in 3-4 h and are stable for up to one week at 4 degrees C; the entire protocol can be completed in 3 d.

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Trichloro(octadecyl)silane, ≥90%