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Role of p53 in the cellular response following oleic acid accumulation in Chang liver cells.

Toxicology letters (2013-10-15)
Eun-Jung Park, Ah Young Lee, Seung-Hee Chang, Kyeong-Nam Yu, Jae-Ho Kim, Myung-Haing Cho

Abnormal accumulation of fatty acids triggers the harmful cellular response called lipotoxicity. In this study, we investigated the cellular response following accumulation of oleic acid (OA), a monounsaturated fatty acid, in human Chang liver cells. OA droplets were distributed freely in the cytoplasm and/or degraded within lysosomes. OA exposure increased ATP production and concomitantly dilated mitochondria. At 24h after OA exposure, cell viability decreased slightly and was coupled with a reduction in mitochondrial Ca(2+) concentration, the alteration in cell viability was also associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species and changes in the cell cycle. Moreover, OA treatment increased the expression of autophagy- and apoptotic cell death-related proteins in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we investigated the role of p53, a tumor suppressor protein, in the cellular response elicited by OA accumulation. OA-induced changes in cell viability and ATP production were rescued to control levels when cells were pretreated with pifithrin-alpha (PTA), a p53 inhibitor. By contrast, the expressions of LC3-II and perilipin, proteins required for lipophagy, were down-regulated by PTA pretreatment. Taken together, our results suggest that p53 plays a key role in the cellular response elicited by OA accumulation in Chang liver cells.

Product Number
Product Description

Oleic acid, analytical standard
Oleic acid, meets analytical specification of Ph, Eur., 65.0-88.0% (GC)
Oleic acid, suitable for cell culture, BioReagent
Oleic acid, ≥99% (GC)
Oleic acid, natural, FCC
Oleic acid, Selectophore, ≥99.0%
Oleic acid, technical grade, 90%