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[Effect of low temperature plasma on various mycoplasma species].

Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii (2013-06-29)
A Ia Mukhachev, I V Rakovskaia, G G Miller, S A Ermolaeva, G A Levina, S V Belov, S M Nefedov, Iu K Danileĭko
ABSTRACT

Study the influence of low temperature (cold) electrolyte plasma (CEP) on survivability of some mycoplasma strains growing in agar as well as mycoplasma that most frequently contaminate transplantable human cell lines of normal and malignant origin with the aim of decontamination. Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma arginini and Aholeplasma laidlawii grown in agar and mycoplasma that contaminated transplantable human cell lines of normal (MT4) and malignant (HeLa) origin. Plasma source--Plasmatom device that generates CEP at normal atmosphere pressure and environment temperature. Exposure to plasma was carried out with adherence to the same modes for all the variants of biological substrate. The duration of exposure was selected randomly from 15 to 300 seconds. A pronounced bactericidal effect of high doses of CEP on all the tested mycoplasma variants exposed immediately after seeding into agar was shown. However after a passage a residual number of survived colonies was registered. Passage of colonies exposed in grown state even to high doses of CEP also showed survival of a residual number of bacteria in all the tested mycoplasma species. Exposure of M. hominis immediately after seeding to low doses of CEP resulted in formation of unusual mini-colonies identical to those isolated from humans infected by the same mycoplasma. During microbiological seeding into agar of cultural fluid from 2 spontaneously contaminated strains of transplantable human cells and exposed to CEP growth ofmycoplasma was not detected. CEP has pronounced bactericidal properties on various mycoplasma strains growing in both agar and contaminating eukaryotic cells. However even at high doses of exposure to CEP an insignificant part of bacterial cells growing in agar still survives. This may indicate a high degree of heterogeneity and adaptation of mycoplasma subjected to even such hard exposure as cold plasma with plasma-chemical mechanism of destruction of biological substrate.

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