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  • Accumulation of the FACT complex, as well as histone H3.3, serves as a target marker for somatic hypermutation.

Accumulation of the FACT complex, as well as histone H3.3, serves as a target marker for somatic hypermutation.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013-04-24)
Masatoshi Aida, Nesreen Hamad, Andre Stanlie, Nasim A Begum, Tasuku Honjo
ABSTRACT

Somatic hypermutation (SHM) requires not only the expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase, but also transcription in the target regions. However, how transcription guides activation-induced cytidine deaminase in targeting SHM to the Ig genes is not fully understood. Here, we found that the "facilitates chromatin transcription" (FACT) complex promotes SHM by RNAi screening of transcription elongation factors. Furthermore, FACT and histone H3.3, a hallmark of transcription-coupled histone turnover, are enriched at the V(D)J region, 5' flanking sequence of the Sμ switch region and the light chain Jκ 5 segment region in the Ig loci. The regions with the most abundant deposition of FACT and H3.3 were also the most efficient targets of SHM. These results demonstrate the importance of histone-exchanging dynamics at the chromatin of SHM targets, especially in Ig genes.

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