MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Dose-response and efficacy of ferric citrate to treat hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients: a short-term randomized trial.

Dose-response and efficacy of ferric citrate to treat hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients: a short-term randomized trial.

American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation (2013-02-02)
Jamie P Dwyer, Mohammed Sika, Gerald Schulman, Ingrid J Chang, Michael Anger, Mark Smith, Mark Kaplan, Steven Zeig, Mark J Koury, Samuel S Blumenthal, Julia B Lewis
ABSTRACT

Most dialysis patients require phosphate binders to control hyperphosphatemia. Ferric citrate has been tested in phase 2 trials as a phosphate binder. This trial was designed as a dose-response and efficacy trial. Prospective, phase 3, multicenter, open-label, randomized clinical trial. 151 participants with hyperphosphatemia on maintenance hemodialysis therapy. Fixed dose of ferric citrate taken orally as a phosphate binder for up to 28 days (1, 6, or 8 g/d in 51, 52, and 48 participants, respectively). Primary outcome is dose-response of ferric citrate on serum phosphorus level; secondary outcomes are safety and tolerability. Serum chemistry tests including phosphorus, safety data. 151 participants received at least one dose of ferric citrate. Mean baseline phosphorus levels were 7.3 ± 1.7 (SD) mg/dL in the 1-g/d group, 7.6 ± 1.7 mg/dL in the 6-g/d group, and 7.5 ± 1.6 mg/dL in the 8-g/d group. Phosphorus levels decreased in a dose-dependent manner (mean change at end of treatment, -0.1 ± 1.3 mg/dL in the 1-g/d group, -1.9 ± 1.7 mg/dL in the 6-g/d group, and -2.1 ± 2.0 mg/dL in the 8-g/d group). The mean difference in reduction in phosphorus levels between the 6- and 1-g/d groups was 1.3 mg/dL (95% CI, 0.69 to 1.9; P < 0.001), between the 8- and 1-g/d groups was 1.5 mg/dL (95% CI, 0.86 to 2.1; P < 0.001), and between the 8- and 6-g/d groups was 0.21 mg/dL (95% CI, -0.39 to 0.81; P = 0.5). The most common adverse event was stool discoloration. Sample size and duration confirm efficacy, but limit our ability to confirm safety. Ferric citrate is efficacious as a phosphate binder in a dose-dependent manner. A phase 3 trial is ongoing to confirm safety and efficacy.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Iron(III) citrate, technical grade
Sigma-Aldrich
Ferric citrate, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Supelco
Iron(III) citrate tribasic monohydrate, 18-20% Fe basis (T)