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Design of a new fluorescent probe: pyrrole/imidazole hairpin polyamides with pyrene conjugation at their γ-turn.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry (2013-01-15)
Thangavel Vaijayanthi, Toshikazu Bando, Kaori Hashiya, Ganesh N Pandian, Hiroshi Sugiyama
ABSTRACT

Fluorophores that are conjugated with N-methylpyrrole-N-methylimidazole (Py-Im) polyamides postulates versatile applications in biological and physicochemical studies. Here, we show the design and synthesis of new types of pyrene-conjugated hairpin Py-Im polyamides (1-5). We evaluated the steady state fluorescence of the synthesized conjugates (1-5) in the presence and absence of oligodeoxynucleotides 5'-CGTATGGACTCGG-3' (ODN 1) and 5'-CCGAGTCCATACG-3' (ODN 2) and observed a distinct increase in emission at 386nm with conjugates 4 and 5. Notably, conjugate 5 that contains a β-alanine linker had a stronger binding affinity (K(D)=1.73×10(-8)M) than that of conjugate 4 (K(D)=1.74×10(-6)M). Our data suggests that Py-Im polyamides containing pyrene fluorophore with a β-alanine linker at the γ-turn NH(2) position can be developed as the competent fluorescent DNA-binding probes.

MATERIALS
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