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Pretreatment of olive tree biomass with FeCl3 prior enzymatic hydrolysis.

Bioresource technology (2012-12-01)
Juan C López-Linares, Inmaculada Romero, Manuel Moya, Cristóbal Cara, Encarnación Ruiz, Eulogio Castro
ABSTRACT

Olive tree biomass (OTB) is an agricultural residue which can be used as raw material for bioethanol production. OTB was pretreated with 0.05-0.275 M FeCl(3) solutions at 120-180 °C for 0-30 min. Enzymatic hydrolysis yields were used for assessing pretreatment performance. Optimum FeCl(3) pretreatment conditions were found to be 152.6 °C, 0.26 M FeCl(3) for 30 min. Under such conditions, 100% of hemicellulose was removed, and enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated solids resulted in a yield of 36.6g glucose/100g of glucose in the raw material. Hemicellulosic sugar recovery in the prehydrolysate was 63.2%. Results compare well with those obtained by other pretreatment strategies on the same raw material, confirming FeCl(3) solutions as a new, feasible approach for bioethanol production.

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