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Ultrasound-assisted adsorption of anionic nanoscale pigment on cationised cotton fabrics.

Carbohydrate polymers (2012-09-05)
Longyun Hao, Rui wang, Jingquan Liu, Rongzhan Liu
ABSTRACT

Application of pigments in textile coloring has many advantages such as less water and energy consumption, less effluent load and higher efficiency, so the pigments are perfect alternatives to dyes for eco-friendly coloring. In this work, a stable anionic nanoscale pigment suspension was prepared using a polymeric dispersant to color the cationised cotton with the exhaust method. Meanwhile, ultrasound was carried out during the adsorption to evaluate the ultrasonic influences on the uptake of pigment, adsorption efficiency and final product quality. The uptake of pigment is found to be higher with ultrasonic method than that with conventional technique because of the good dispersing capacity of ultrasound to pigment particles. Besides, it is found that nanoscale pigment has higher adsorption rate when using ultrasonic method because the ultrasound promotes the diffusion of pigment through the fiber-liquid boundary layer. Lastly, the color difference (ΔE) reveals the nanoscale pigment can be deposited on cotton surface more uniformly under ultrasonic condition, improving the product quality obviously.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Copper(II) phthalocyanine, β-form, Dye content 90 %
Sigma-Aldrich
Copper(II) phthalocyanine, sublimed grade, Dye content 99 %
Sigma-Aldrich
Copper(II) phthalocyanine, Dye content >99 %
Sigma-Aldrich
Copper(II) phthalocyanine, triple-sublimed grade, >99.95% trace metals basis