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Transport of a lipophilic ionizable permeant (capric acid) across a lipophilic membrane (silicone polymer membrane) from aqueous buffered solutions in the presence of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin.

Journal of pharmaceutical sciences (2012-05-01)
Richard V Hymas, Norman F H Ho, William I Higuchi
ABSTRACT

The present study describes a physical model approach applicable to understanding the transport of highly lipophilic, ionizable drugs across a lipophilic membrane between two aqueous compartments in the presence of a cyclodextrin in the aqueous phase. Model predictions were compared with experimental results of capric acid (HA) transport across a silicone polymer membrane in the presence and in the absence of 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPB) in the aqueous phase over wide ranges of conditions. Key parameters entering into the physical model calculations were the HA-HPB and the A(-)-HPB binding constants, the unionized and ionized free and the complexed HA species diffusion coefficients, the HA pKa, the HA intrinsic silicone polymer membrane permeability coefficient, and the aqueous boundary layer thickness. All of these key parameters were determined from independent or essentially independent experiments. The agreement between the model predictions and the experiments were generally quite good over the entire ranges of the studied independent variables. The results of this study provide an approach that is useful in the mechanistic understanding of how cyclodextrins may enhance the passive absorption of highly lipophilic, low solubility drug molecules in the intestinal tract.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium decanoate, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Decanoic acid, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Supelco
Decanoic acid, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Decanoic acid, ≥98.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Decanoic acid, ≥99.5%, FCC, FG