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Colfosceril palmitate. A pharmacoeconomic evaluation of a synthetic surfactant preparation (Exosurf Neonatal) in infants with respiratory distress syndrome.

PharmacoEconomics (1994-11-04)
H M Bryson, R Whittington
ABSTRACT

Comprehensive clinical data provide strong evidence of the efficacy of the synthetic lung surfactant colfosceril palmitate (Exosurf Neonatal) administered as prophylaxis or rescue therapy in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The use of rescue therapy with colfosceril palmitate is further supported by cost-effectiveness analyses which report a 9 to 48% reduction in the cost per survivor compared with placebo or historical controls, despite divergent study methodology and location. Importantly, the savings were evident in both larger (> or = 1250g) and smaller (700 to 1350g) infants. All studies considered costs or charges accrued during initial hospitalisation through to 1 year; measurement of long term resource use data and all resulting costs are required for a more complete pharmacoeconomic evaluation. The optimal timing of surfactant administration is likely to be an important economic issue given that efficacy data from a large international trial support earlier administration of colfosceril palmitate versus delayed therapy in high risk patients. Further economic benefits may be realised by the sequential use of antenatal corticosteroids and surfactant therapy, although this has yet to be prospectively investigated. In conclusion, clinical and pharmacoeconomic data strongly support the use of rescue therapy with colfosceril palmitate. Additionally, recent clinical data indicating that even better results may be achieved with earlier administration and/or combined use with antenatal corticosteroids should be assessed from an economic standpoint to determine the optimal prescribing strategy for this agent.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, ≥99% (TLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, semisynthetic, ≥99%