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  • LAMP2A overexpression in breast tumors promotes cancer cell survival via chaperone-mediated autophagy.

LAMP2A overexpression in breast tumors promotes cancer cell survival via chaperone-mediated autophagy.

Autophagy (2012-08-10)
Tapas Saha
ABSTRACT

Lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2A (LAMP2A) is a key protein in the chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) pathway. LAMP2A helps in lysosomal uptake of modified and oxidatively damaged proteins directly into the lumen of lysosomes for degradation and protein turnover. Elevated expression of LAMP2A was observed in breast tumor tissues of all patients under investigation, suggesting a survival mechanism via CMA and LAMP2A. Reduced expression of the CMA substrates, GAPDH and PKM, was observed in most of the breast tumor tissues when compared with the normal adjacent tissues. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated oxidative stress damages regulatory cellular components such as DNA, proteins and/or lipids. Protein carbonyl content (PCC) is widely used as a measure of total protein oxidation in cells. Ectopic expression of LAMP2A reduces PCC and thereby promotes cell survival during oxidative stress. Furthermore, inhibition of LAMP2A stimulates accumulation of GAPDH, AKT1 phosphorylation, generation of ROS, and induction of cellular apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Doxorubicin, which is a chemotherapeutic drug, often becomes ineffective against tumor cells with time due to chemotherapeutic resistance. Breast cancer cells deficient of LAMP2A demonstrate increased sensitivity to the drug. Thus, inhibiting CMA activity in breast tumor cells can be exploited as a potential therapeutic application in the treatment of breast cancer.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase from rabbit muscle, lyophilized powder, ≥75 units/mg protein
Supelco
GAPDH, standard for protein electrophoresis
Sigma-Aldrich
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase from human erythrocytes, lyophilized powder, 50-150 units/mg protein