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Development of Dopamine Sensor Using Silver Nanoparticles and PEG-Functionalized Tapered Optical Fiber Structure.

IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering (2019-09-09)
Niteshkumar Agrawal, Bingyuan Zhang, Chinmoy Saha, Chandrakanta Kumar, Brajesh Kumar Kaushik, Santosh Kumar
ABSTRACT

This article presents a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) phenomenon based optical fiber sensor (OFS) for the detection of dopamine (DA). DA functions as a hormone and a neurotransmitter in the human body and plays a crucial role in the peripheral system. To develop the OFS for DA detection, taper fiber probe was fabricated and immobilized with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and functionalized with Polyethylene glycol (PEG). The developed sensor shows the great selectivity in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA) oxidation due to PEG coating. The morphology of the AgNPs and uniformity of coating over the surface of sensing probe were confirmed with UV-visible spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The calibration curve is found to be linear over the range of 10 nM-1 μM with the lowest detection limit of 0.058 μM. Also provides a wide dynamic range of detection (10 nm-100 μM). The parameters responsible for the performance of OFS, such as sensitivity, detection limit, and selectivity are greatly improved in the proposed sensor. The applicability of the proposed sensor has been validated and have the potential to use for routine diagnosis.

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(3-Mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane, 95%