This study aimed to use scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) to examine the elements that passed into the gastric acid solution after the application of a gastric acid erosive cycle to chitosan modified glass ionomer cement (GIC). Chitosan modified GIC samples were obtained by adding chitosan (vol/vol) of 5 and 10% to GIC for the experimental groups. These two experimental groups and a control group were subjected to gastric acid erosive treatment for 60 s six times a day for 10 days. The sample surfaces were coated with approximately 1 nm of gold to increase conductivity with the Q 150R ES device (Quorum Technologies, East Sussex, England). Surface topography images were obtained with a SEM. Besides, EDS analysis was also determined the number of elements graphically in the region where the fast electron beam hit. In the samples examined, the amount of element was determined. After gastric acid application, cracks and voids were observed on the surfaces of the samples. In the EDS analysis of the 5 and 10% chitosan modified GIC and control groups, Si, Al, Na, and F was found. It is necessary to investigate the antibacterial properties and physical properties of chitosan modified glass ionomer-free elements and fluorine ions using advanced techniques.