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Mancozeb exposure during development and lactation periods results in decreased oocyte maturation, fertilization rates, and implantation in the first-generation mice pups: Protective effect of vitamins E and C.

Toxicology and industrial health (2019-12-11)
Saddein Esmaiel, Haghpanah Tahereh, Nematollahi-Mahani Seyed Noreddin, Ezzatabadipour Massood
ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the mancozeb (MNZ) impact on oocyte maturation of first-generation mice pups as well as their fertilization rate, embryo development, and implantation along with the preventative effect of vitamins E and C. Pregnant mice were randomly divided into six groups: control, vehicle, and MNZ (500 mg/kg body weight (BW)), vitamin E (200 mg/kg BW), MNZ plus vitamin E, MNZ plus vitamin C (100 mg/kg BW), and MNZ plus two vitamins. All treatments were conducted by oral gavage every 2 days from the second day of gestation until the end of lactation. Vitamin treatment was initiated 30 min before receiving MNZ. After birth, first-generation mice pups were kept until adulthood (8-10 W). Adult female mice pups superovulated and then the collected oocytes were examined for nuclear maturity status. After in vitro fertilization of metaphase II oocytes with sperm of the first-generation male mice pups, fertilization rate and embryo development were evaluated over 24 h. Also, the fecundity rate and the number of implanted embryos in vivo were studied on the eighth day of pregnancy. MNZ exposure during embryo development and lactation significantly decreased the total number of collected oocytes, oocyte maturation, fertilization rate, implantation rate, fecundity rate, and embryo development compared with the control group in the first-generation pups. In contrast, vitamin treatments significantly increased these parameters compared to the MNZ group. Reduction in the quality of oocyte, the rate of fertilization, embryo implantation, and development following MNZ exposure could decrease female reproductive success, while coadministration of vitamins E and C could prevent these complications.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Mancozeb, PESTANAL®, analytical standard