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Cultured gallbladder epithelial cells synthesize apolipoproteins A-I and E.

American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology (2003-05-30)
Jin Lee, Aimee Tauscher, Dong Wan Seo, John F Oram, Rahul Kuver
ABSTRACT

Gallbladder epithelial cells (GBEC) are exposed to high and fluctuating concentrations of biliary cholesterol on their apical (AP) surface. GBEC absorb and efflux cholesterol, but the mechanisms of cholesterol uptake, intracellular trafficking, and efflux in these cells are not known. We previously reported that ATP binding cassette (ABC)A1 mediates basolateral (BL) cholesterol efflux in cultured polarized GBEC. In addition, the nuclear hormone receptors liver X receptor (LXR)alpha and retinoid X receptor (RXR) mediate both AP and BL cholesterol efflux. An interesting finding from our previous study was that apolipoprotein (apo)A-I applied to the AP surfaces of cells elicited BL ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux. Because ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux requires the presence of a cholesterol acceptor, we hypothesized that GBEC synthesize and secrete endogenous apo into the BL compartment. Here, we demonstrate that cholesterol loading of cells with model bile and AP apoA-I treatment is associated with an increase in the synthesis of apoE mRNA and protein. Furthermore, apoE is secreted into the BL compartment. LXRalpha/RXR ligands stimulate the synthesis of endogenous apoA-I mRNA and protein, as well as apoE mRNA. BL secretion of apoA-I is elicited by LXRalpha/RXR ligands. Therefore, GBEC synthesize apoA-I and -E and efflux cholesterol using ABCA1- and non-ABCA1- mediated pathways. These processes may alter gallbladder biliary cholesterol concentrations and thereby influence gallstone formation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
L-α-Phosphatidylcholine, egg yolk, Type XVI-E, ≥99% (TLC), lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
9-cis-Retinoic acid, ≥98% (HPLC)