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Arginase Inhibition Improves Endothelial Function in an Age-Dependent Manner in Healthy Elderly Humans.

Rejuvenation research (2018-12-12)
Ali Mahdi, John Pernow, Oskar Kövamees
ABSTRACT

Reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) is accompanied by endothelial dysfunction, which precedes clinical signs of atherosclerosis. The metalloenzyme arginase reciprocally inhibits the formation of NO and available data demonstrate that arginase contributes to reduced bioavailability of NO and increases the formation of reactive oxygen species. Emerging evidence suggests that arginase thereby plays a key role in the pathophysiology of age-associated vascular complications in animal models. However, the role of arginase in elderly human subjects in vivo with regard to macrovascular endothelial function is unclear. We hypothesized that arginase inhibition improves endothelial function in an age-dependent manner in elderly healthy subjects. Twenty-one subjects ranging from 48 to 75 years of age were included for evaluation of endothelial function using forearm venous occlusion plethysmography. Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) and endothelium-independent vasodilatation (EIDV) were evaluated before and after 2-hour intra-arterial infusion of the arginase inhibitor Nω-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine (nor-NOHA). Baseline EDV, but not EIDV, was inversely correlated with age (p < 0.05, R = -0.48 and p = 0.62, R = -0.14, respectively). The magnitude of the improvement in EDV induced by arginase inhibition was significantly correlated with age (p < 0.05, R = 0.56), whereas EIDV was not (p = 0.25, R = 0.26). Arginase inhibition improves endothelial function in an age-dependent manner in elderly healthy subjects. The results suggest that arginase is a key factor contributing to endothelial dysfunction and may serve as a future pharmacological target for improving endothelial function in elderly subjects.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Serotonin, analytical standard