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Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction Coupled to GC/MS for the Analysis of Volatiles of Honeys from Arid and Mediterranean Areas of Algeria.

Chemistry & biodiversity (2019-08-17)
Abdelhamid Neggad, Farid Benkaci-Ali, Zouheir Alsafra, Gauthier Eppe
ABSTRACT

The volatile composition of seven honey samples collected from various regions of Algeria and feeding on different plants have been determined. The Headspace Solid-Phase MicroExtraction (HS-SPME) coupled with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to achieve the purpose. In this work, different parameters of the HS-SPME analytical method were investigated in order to reach maximal sensitivity, and thus to obtain maximum information about the volatile profile of Algerian honey. These parameters include saline medium, HS extraction temperature, and the nature of the fiber used. The results showed a great diversity in the chemical composition, in total 124 compounds from different chemical classes were identified, including compounds found for the first time in honey. The Ascending Hierarchical Classification (AHC) demonstrated the importance of choosing SPME extraction conditions to find volatile compounds, which could be as specific markers of the floral or geographical origin of honey, the latter was optimized in the parameter PDMS-55 °C.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SPME Fiber Holder, for use with manual sampling