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Platelet P-selectin triggers rapid surface exposure of tissue factor in monocytes.

Scientific reports (2019-09-19)
Ivelin I Ivanov, Bonita H R Apta, Arkadiusz M Bonna, Matthew T Harper
ABSTRACT

Tissue factor (TF) plays a central role in haemostasis and thrombosis. Following vascular damage, vessel wall TF initiates the extrinsic coagulation cascade. TF can also be exposed by monocytes. Inflammatory or infectious stimuli trigger synthesis of new TF protein by monocytes over the course of hours. It has also been suggested that monocytes can expose TF within minutes when stimulated by activated platelets. Here, we have confirmed that monocytes rapidly expose TF in whole blood and further demonstrate that platelet P-selectin exposure is necessary and sufficient. Monocyte TF exposure increased within five minutes in response to platelet activation by PAR1-AP, PAR4-AP or CRP-XL. PAR1-AP did not trigger TF exposure on isolated monocytes unless platelets were also present. In whole blood, PAR1-AP-triggered TF exposure required P-selectin and PGSL-1. In isolated monocytes, although soluble recombinant P-selectin had no effect, P-selectin coupled to 2 µm beads triggered TF exposure. Cycloheximide did not affect rapid TF exposure, indicating that de novo protein synthesis was not required. These data show that P-selectin on activated platelets rapidly triggers TF exposure on monocytes. This may represent a mechanism by which platelets and monocytes rapidly contribute to intravascular coagulation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide, ≥97.0% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
PAC-1, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Ala-Tyr-Pro-Gly-Lys-Phe-NH2 trifluoroacetate salt, ≥98% (HPLC), lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Ser-Phe-Leu-Leu-Arg-Asn-amide trifluoroacetate salt, ≥98% (HPLC), lyophilized powder