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Sin3a-Tet1 interaction activates gene transcription and is required for embryonic stem cell pluripotency.

Nucleic acids research (2018-05-08)
Fugui Zhu, Qianshu Zhu, Dan Ye, Qingquan Zhang, Yiwei Yang, Xudong Guo, Zhenping Liu, Zeyidan Jiapaer, Xiaoping Wan, Guiying Wang, Wen Chen, Songcheng Zhu, Cizhong Jiang, Weiyang Shi, Jiuhong Kang
ABSTRACT

Sin3a is a core component of histone-deacetylation-activity-associated transcriptional repressor complex, playing important roles in early embryo development. Here, we reported that down-regulation of Sin3a led to the loss of embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal and skewed differentiation into mesendoderm lineage. We found that Sin3a functioned as a transcriptional coactivator of the critical Nodal antagonist Lefty1 through interacting with Tet1 to de-methylate the Lefty1 promoter. Further studies showed that two amino acid residues (Phe147, Phe182) in the PAH1 domain of Sin3a are essential for Sin3a-Tet1 interaction and its activity in regulating pluripotency. Furthermore, genome-wide analyses of Sin3a, Tet1 and Pol II ChIP-seq and of 5mC MeDIP-seq revealed that Sin3a acted with Tet1 to facilitate the transcription of a set of their co-target genes. These results link Sin3a to epigenetic DNA modifications in transcriptional activation and have implications for understanding mechanisms underlying versatile functions of Sin3a in mouse ESCs.