Angiogenesis is a highly regulated process orchestrated, in large part, by the vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) system of ligands and receptors. Considerable effort has been invested in finding optimal ways to modulate VEGF-A activity to treat disease, however, the mechanisms by which the various components interact remain poorly understood. This is in part because of the difficulty of analyzing the various interactions in an intercomparable manner. In the present study, we established conditions to allow for the detailed characterization of the molecular interactions between VEGF and its receptors and the co-receptor NRP-1 using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). We found that VEGF dissociated 25-times faster from its major signaling receptor, VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) than from its "decoy" receptor, VEGF receptor-1 (VEGFR-1). Using a systematic approach, we obtained kinetic parameters for each individual interaction under a consistent set of experimental conditions allowing for comparison between various receptors. The set of quantitative kinetic parameters and experimental conditions reported herein will provide valuable tools for developing comprehensive models of the VEGF system.