Support Vector Machine for Regional Ionospheric Delay Modeling.

Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) (2019-07-07)
Zhengxie Zhang, Shuguo Pan, Chengfa Gao, Tao Zhao, Wang Gao

The distribution of total electron content (TEC) in the ionosphere is irregular and complex, and it is hard to model accurately. The polynomial (POLY) model is used extensively for regional ionosphere modeling in two-dimensional space. However, in the active period of the ionosphere, the POLY model is difficult to reflect the distribution and variation of TEC. Aiming at the limitation of the regional POLY model, this paper proposes a new ionosphere modeling method with combining the support vector machine (SVM) regression model and the POLY model. Firstly, the POLY model is established using observations of regional continuously operating reference stations (CORS). Then the SVM regression model is trained to compensate the model error of POLY, and the TEC SVM-P model is obtained by the combination of the POLY and the SVM. The fitting accuracies of the models are verified with the root mean square errors (RMSEs) and static single-frequency precise point positioning (PPP) experiments. The results show that the RMSE of the SVM-P is 0.980 TECU (TEC unit), which produces an improvement of 17.3% compared with the POLY model (1.185 TECU). Using SVM-P models, the positioning accuracies of single-frequency PPP are improved over 40% compared with those using POLY models. The SVM-P is also compared with the back-propagation neural network combined with POLY (BPNN-P), and its performance is also better than BPNN-P (1.070 TECU).