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Gold Nanoflower-Enhanced Dynamic Light Scattering Immunosensor for the Ultrasensitive No-Wash Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Milk.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2019-07-25)
Shengnan Zhan, Hao Fang, Jinmei Fu, Weihua Lai, Yuankui Leng, Xiaolin Huang, Yonghua Xiong
ABSTRACT

Gold nanoflowers (GNFs) exhibit stronger light scattering ability than gold nanospheres (GNSs) with the same diameter, thereby contributing to enhancing the sensitivity of the scattering-based sensing method. However, the application of GNFs in biosensors based on dynamic light scattering (DLS) has not been yet reported. Herein, we describe for the first time an improved no-wash immunosensor based on dynamic light scattering for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) in milk using GNFs for sensitive signal transduction. To achieve this goal, a thiolated amphiphilic carboxyl ligand was introduced to modify the GNF surface and improve solution stability and antibody functionalization. Several key factors that affect the detection sensitivity of our developed GNF_DLS immunosensor were systematically investigated. Under the optimal conditions, our proposed GNF_DLS immunosensor provided an excellent linear detection for E. coli O157:H7 within the range from 6 × 100 to 6 × 104 colony-forming units (CFU)/mL, with a limit of detection of 2.7 CFU/mL. Combined with our previously reported two-step large-volume immunomagnetic separation (IMS) method, the designed GNF_DLS immunosensor can sensitively, selectively, and accurately detect the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in pasteurized milk. The potential of our GNF_DLS method for monitoring the presence of a single bacterial cell in 1 mL of sample solution was also demonstrated. Overall, the developed GNF_DLS immunosensor can be used for the rapid and high-sensitivity determination of pathogenic bacteria and can be extended for the ultrasensitive no-wash detection of other trace analytes.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
N-Hydroxysulfosuccinimide sodium salt, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide, ≥97.0% (T)