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  • Ultra-selective fiber optic SPR platform for the sensing of dopamine in synthetic cerebrospinal fluid incorporating permselective nafion membrane and surface imprinted MWCNTs-PPy matrix.

Ultra-selective fiber optic SPR platform for the sensing of dopamine in synthetic cerebrospinal fluid incorporating permselective nafion membrane and surface imprinted MWCNTs-PPy matrix.

Biosensors & bioelectronics (2019-04-03)
Anisha Pathak, Banshi D Gupta
ABSTRACT

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based dopamine sensor is realized using the state-of-art technique of molecular imprinting over an optical fiber substrate. Polypyrrole (PPy) is depicted as an effective polymer for the imprinting of dopamine through a green synthesis approach. Sensitivity of the probe is enhanced by the augmenting effect of surface imprinting of dopamine in polypyrrole over multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). To ensure the permselectivity of the probe towards dopamine molecules, a cation exchange polymer, nafion, is utilized as a membrane over imprinted sites to reduce the interference from anionic analytes like ascorbic acid and uric acid at physiological pH. The probe is characterized for a wide range of dopamine concentration from 0 to 10-5 M in artificial cerebrospinal fluid. Various probe parameters are varied to maximize the sensitivity of the sensor. The sensor possesses 18.9 pM as the limit of detection (LOD) which is lowest of those reported in the literature. The manifestation of sensing probe over an optical fiber along with the improved LOD makes the approach highly advantageous in terms of stability, repeatability, online remote monitoring, fast response, and miniaturization for its in vivo/in vitro applications in clinical sensing of dopamine.