Protein tyrosine phosphorylation and thus dephosphorylation are part of the interleukin (IL)-11 response in mouse 3T3-L1 cells. We report here for the first time the involvement and interactions of the SH2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase Syp in the IL-11 signal transduction pathway. Addition of IL-11 to 3T3-L1 cells resulted in an increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation of Syp. When cell lysates were precipitated with glutathione S-transferase fusion products of Syp, the C-terminal SH2 domain of Syp was shown to precipitate several proteins of 70, 130, 150, and 200 kDa that were tyrosine phosphorylated in response to IL-11. Reciprocal immunoprecipitation experiments showed that Syp was inducibly associated with both gp130 and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). A phosphopeptide containing the sequence for a potential Syp binding site (YXXV) was used to compete with the associations of Syp with gp130 and JAK2. The phosphopeptide reduced the Syp association with both gp130 and JAK2. To summarize, Syp has multiple interactions in IL-11 signal transduction. In addition to the IL-11-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Syp, Syp coprecipitated with gp130, JAK2, and other tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in response to IL-11. These findings may have extensive significance to IL-11 and related cytokine signal transduction, suggesting new pathways and mechanisms.