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Endogenous H2S sensitizes PAR4-induced bladder pain.

American journal of physiology. Renal physiology (2018-01-24)
Wenfu Wang, Qiyu Bo, Jian Du, Xin Yu, Kejia Zhu, Jianfeng Cui, Hongda Zhao, Yong Wang, Benkang Shi, Yaofeng Zhu
ABSTRACT

Bladder pain is a prominent symptom of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) generated by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) or cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) facilitates bladder hypersensitivity. We assessed involvement of the H2S pathway in protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4)-induced bladder pain. A bladder pain model was induced by intravesical instillation of PAR4-activating peptide in mice. The role of H2S in this model was evaluated by intraperitoneal preadministration of d,l-propargylglycine (PAG), aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA), or S-adenosylmethionine or the preintravesical administration of NaHS. SV-HUC-1 cells were treated in similar manners. Assessments of CBS, CSE, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) expression, bladder voiding function, bladder inflammation, H2S production, and referred bladder pain were performed. The CSE and CBS pathways existed in both mouse bladders and SV-HUC-1 cells. H2S signaling was upregulated in PAR4-induced bladder pain models, and H2S-generating enzyme activity was upregulated in human bladders, mouse bladders, and SV-HUC-1 cells. Pretreatment with AOAA or NaHS inhibited or promoted PAR4-induced mechanical hyperalgesia, respectively; however, PAG only partially inhibited PAR4-induced bladder pain. Treatment with PAG or AOAA decreased H2S production in both mouse bladders and SV-HUC-1 cells. Pretreatment with AOAA increased MIF protein levels in bladder tissues and cells, whereas pretreatment with NaHS lowered MIF protein levels. Bladder pain triggered by the H2S pathway was not accompanied by inflammation or altered micturition behavior. Thus endogenous H2S generated by CBS or CSE caused referred hyperalgesia mediated through MIF in mice with PAR4-induced bladder pain, without causing bladder injury or altering micturition behavior.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ala-Tyr-Pro-Gly-Lys-Phe-NH2 trifluoroacetate salt, ≥98% (HPLC), lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Propargylglycine, cystathionine γ-lyase inhibitor